There are many causes of the current financial turmoil. ACCA believes, however, that a failure in corporate governance is a major contributor to the credit crunch. Regulatory boxes may have been ticked but fundamental principles of good governance were breached. The charitable explanation for this failure is that those responsible did not understand the risks that were being taken.
Nearly three-quarters of OECD countries have adopted accrual accounting for their year-end financial reports and more than a quarter now prepare their annual budgets on an accrual basis, according to the landmark study Accrual Practices and Reform Experiences in OECD Countries by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).