An expected slowdown in the pace of earnings growth has moved the 2018 outlook on the global integrated oil and gas industry to stable from positive, says Moody's Investors Service in a report.
The slowdown follows a strong earnings recovery in 2017 and signals a return to stable, organic growth.
"Our outlook has turned stable to reflect the increased likelihood of earnings growth slowing down for the global oil and gas players in 2018, after the sharp recovery in 2017,” says Elena Nadtotchi, Vice President -- Senior Credit Officer at Moody's.
“We also expect fundamental conditions to stabilize further as companies have cut their production costs and capital investment amid low oil prices.”
Moody's expects EBITDA growth for the global oil and gas sector to slow to around mid-single digits in 2018 from 28% for the 12-months to 30 June 2017.
Strong growth in production volumes, accelerated cost cuts and modest oil price recovery drove the latter, supporting a strong recovery in credit metrics in 2017. Most gains from cost cutting have now been realized.
Taking steps to improve ROI
Companies are taking steps to improve returns on investment in upstream operations and continue to invest in selected new projects and prioritize further reduction in finding and development costs.
Royal Dutch Shell Plc (Shell, Aa2 stable), BP p.l.c. (A1 positive), Chevron Corporation (Aa2 stable) and Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil, Aaa stable) will benefit from their access to long-term, large-scale, low-cost reserves.
Companies will accelerate portfolio pruning with the oil price around $50/ bbl. Royal Dutch Shell and ENI S.p.A. (Baa1 stable) have speeded up divestments of assets in 2017.
Moody's expects more divestments and acquisitions of assets in the sector in 2018, as companies focus their upstream portfolios on higher-margin, growth assets and on securing long-term strategic assets.
The sector's return to positive free cash flow generation in 2017 will boost the capacity of European majors to reinstate full cash dividends over the next 12-18 months.
While higher shareholders returns would put a brake on further improvement in credit metric in 2018, the companies can maintain their recovered credit profiles.