Combined market capital of the world's 100 most valuable companies has surged by more than six trillion dollars since2009, an average increase of US$60 billion, finds a research conducted by PricewaterhouseCooper's IPOs Centre.
During the past five years, the total market cap of those surveyed grew 79% from US$8,402bn to US$15,020bn, while thethreshold to enter the top 100 now stands at $81bn – more than 50% higher than it was in 2009.
Nearly half of the world’s 100 most valuable companies are from the United States, with Apple leading the pack with a market capitalization of US$469 billion.
“Without this financial clout and innovative drive, other companies in other regions will have their work cut out to compete with the US giants. This also explains why the large BRIC companies have slipped in our global rankings," says Clifford Tompsett, capital markets partner at PwC.
Tompsett notes that the anticipated IPO of Alibaba later this year could see the return of Chinese companies challenging this US dominance.
“Also it is remarkable that three companies have directly entered the global top 100 via an IPO or spin off.”
Eurozone companies in the index held their position at 18 companies. The UK now has eight companies in the Top 100 compared with nine in 2009, and ten in 2008.
The biggest fallers were the BRIC countries with companies from China and Hong Kong falling from 11 to eight and the other BRIC nations falling from six to three.
This reflects current investor sentiment towards those markets and the fact that these companies have still to emerge beyond their domestic markets with a global presence, PwC says.
Overall, 32 companies have dropped out since 2009 (28 through falls in value, and four by acquisition, merger or separation).
Of the 32 which have joined the index, 29 were through growth, while three were due to IPO or spin-off – Facebook, Agricultural Bank of China and the spin-off of AbbVie from Abbott.
The technology sector has put down a marker during the last five years, rising from sixth to second highest by market cap when the index is broken down into business sectors.
In 2009, nine tech firms were worth a combined $997bn. In 2014, the market cap of the 13 tech companies surveyed has rocketed to $2.5trn, PwC added.