Global Food Security Index 2012: An Assessment of Food Affordability, Availability and Quality

While the world, on balance, is richer and better fed than it was 50 years ago, those gains are now under threat. Huge price swings for wheat, maize, soybeans and rice make matters worse, disrupting markets and harming both producers and consumers.
This EIU paper explores the underlying drivers and risks affecting food security by analysing 105 countries.
Key findings:
  • The US, Denmark, Norway and France are the most food-secure countries in the world.


  • The food supply in advanced countries averages 1,200 calories more per person, per day, than in low-income economies.


  • Several of the sub-Saharan African countries that finished in the bottom third of the index, including Mozambique, Ethiopia, Rwanda and Nigeria, will be among the world’s faster growing economies during the next two years.


  • Several policy and nutrition related indicators, including access to financing for farmers, the presence of food safety net programmes, protein quality and diet diversification, are highly correlated with overall food security.


  • China experienced the least volatility of agricultural production during the last 20 years, and three North African countries—Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria —among the most.


  • The most food secure nations score less well for micronutrient availability.


  • Landlocked countries fared nearly as well as those with a coastline. 



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