Atradius Country Report: India -- August 2010

Atradius’ country overviews provide short, concise information on large Western economies´ economic performance and insolvency development and on main emerging markets´ current political and economical situation and outlook.


General situation and outlook

Currently the Indian economy seems to be overheated, with high growth and inflation rates. Real GDP growth increased 8.6% in Q1 of 2010 and is forecast 8.0% this year, driven by the booming services and manufacturing sectors and private consumption. Overall inflation was 13.7% in June 2010 and is expected to average 11.4% this year, and wages as well as prices for capital goods, shares and real estate tend to rise rapidly.

Most sectors which faced difficulties in 2009 (principally steel, automotive and real estate) have recovered, and the automotive industry is even booming again. Domestic car sales grew very strongly in the first half of 2010, reflecting the increased purchasing power of the Indian middle class. The rebound in the automotive sector is positively impacting other sectors such as steel. In the ICT sector prospects are quite good due to increased levels of disposable income and relatively low levels of PC penetration in India.


Real GDP growth is forecast to remain high in 2011 with 8.1%, and inflation is expected to slow down. While government spending on badly needed infrastructure projects will further boost domestic demand, this also means that the administration will continue to run large budget deficits.


General Information

Capital - New Delhi
Government type - Federal republic
Currency - Indian rupee (INR)
Population - 1.2 billion
Status - Lower middle income country
 (GDP/capita: US-$ 1,104 in 2010)
Main import sources (2009)

  • China - 10.0%  
  • Usa - 7.8%
  • Saudi Arabia - 7.3%
  • UAE - 6.1% 


Main export markets (2009)

  • USA - 11.8%
  • UAE - 10.5% 
  • China - 5.6%
  • Singapore - 4.9%

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